Henri Matisse (1869 - 1954) is one of the undisputed masters of 20th century art. Matisse, a French artist, draughtsman, printmaker, sculptor but more prominently known as a painter.
Matisse is commonly regarded, alongside Pablo Picasso and Marcel Duchamp, as one of the three artists who helped to define the revolutionary developments in the arts throughout the opening decades of the 20th century.
By the 1920s Matisse was increasingly hailed as the pillar of classical French painting. His mastery and expressive use of colour and composition, displayed in a body of work spanning over a half-century, won him recognition as a leading figure in modern art.